Thursday, December 29, 2011


date: Wed, 23 Apr 2008 08:38:30 +0100
from: Ian Harris <>
subject: Re: CRU TS 3.0

Hi Tim,

On 23 Apr 2008, at 01:12, Tim Osborn wrote:

> Hi Harry,
> thanks for the email re. the VAP data. Yes, go ahead and delete those
> 3
> stations and recreate. That should, I hope, solve the main problems...
> and more minor problems can wait for some future time when we actually
> have time to worry about more minor things!
> Regarding the extensive and strange banding problems found in the new
> variable (wetdays), I think I may have found the cause. As I mentioned
> earlier, it is the synthetic wetdays that have the banding in them.
> Looking at the rd0_gts program in
> /cru/cruts/version_3_0/BADC_AREA/programs/idl/
> which is what you used to produce the synthetic wetdays, it seems to be
> reading (see lines 19 and 22) gridded normals for precipitation and for
> wetdays from files
> ../norms_05_binary/glo.pre.norm
> and
> ../norms_05_binary/glo.rd0.norm
> Now, from the directory name (the '05') and from the code (the 720*360
> on
> lines 18 and 21) and from the size of the files it's reading, my guess
> is
> that these are normals on a 0.5 degree grid. But the precip anomalies
> that you're reading (from ../prebin/) are on a 2.5 degree grid
> (following
> Tim M.'s instructions for synthetic data), and the output it produces
> is
> on a 2.5 degree grid.
> What will happen, therefore, is that when rd0_gts attempts to extract
> pre
> and wet (rd0) normals for all the 2.5-degree land boxes from the
> 0.5-degree arrays of normals, it will pick up chunks of data from just
> the
> first 1/25th part of the arrays, sometimes picking up bands of land
> with
> non-missing values, and sometimes picking up bands of ocean with
> missing
> values. That would explain the banding.
> The solution seems to be to alter this program to read normals on the
> 2.5
> degree grid, assuming you have these. Presumably you do, in
> ../norms_25_binary/

Aha. Well I did clock that at the time, but I just assumed it was doing
something clever.. obviously not.

> There may be a similar problem with frost days, since
> seems to be reading frostday normals from ../norm_05_binary/ too.
> However
> I haven't checked the frostday data you have made, since I don't need
> that
> variable -- please don't redo frostdays (at least until you have redone
> vap and wetdays), I'm just noting that the current file is likely to be
> wrong and hence not suitable for distribution.
> It looks like you already read 2.5 degree normals when making synthetic
> vap, which is why that doesn't show this problem.
> The other thing to note is that the final output from rd0_gts is
> fractional anomalies * 100 -- i.e. (wet-wetnorm)/wetnorm) -- or you
> could
> call them percentage anomalies. I'm not sure, therefore, what you
> need to
> set synthfac to when you read these synthetic anomalies... maybe
> synthfac=100 rather than synthfac=10? It depends what units
> quick_interp_tdm2 wants to be working in. If it wants to work in
> percentage anomalies, then synthfac=1 (or omit synthfac) instead of
> 100.
> Presumably it needs the synthetic and actual wetday anomalies to be in
> the
> same units... looking at anomdtb.f90 (which I presume is how you made
> the
> actual station wetday anomalies) it seems (lines 490 or 504) to be
> multiplying fractional anomalies by 1000, which would result in
> percentage
> anomalies * 10! Not sure if this is actually what is happening since
> this
> is the first time I've looked at anomdtb.f90 and it seems fairly
> complicated!

Indeed - that was the source of the first batch of precip problems (low
variability). The program does correct the scaling when it writes the
output files though.

> But it implies synthfac=0.1 might be needed! I guess we may
> need to use trial and error to find the right value for synthfac. I'd
> start with synthfac=100 since I think the values showed too little
> variability with synthfac=10 -- however this may all change when the
> banding problem is solved!

Yes - one step at a time.

> Basically... good luck!

Heh. Looking forward to it..




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