from: "Prof B.E. Launder" <brian.launderatXYZxyzst.ac.uk>
subject: (Fwd) Re: INQUIRY INTO "THE FUTURE OF AVIATION" From: Richard
to: M.hulmeatXYZxyz.ac.uk, n.jenkinsatXYZxyzst.ac.uk, h.j.schellnhuberatXYZxyz.ac.uk, simon.shackleyatXYZxyzst.ac.uk
<x-rich><color><param>0100,0100,0100</param>The Royal Academy of Engineering requested my input on "The
future of Aviation". I provided the response that follows. I realize
that most of it wasn't really in the area or from the point of view
they were seeking input but I don't think that matters.
------- Forwarded message follows -------
</color>From: <color><param>0000,0000,8000</param>Prof B.E. Launder <<brian.launderatXYZxyzst.ac.uk></color>
To: <color><param>0000,0000,8000</param>"Hearn Sylvia (Miss)" <<HearnSatXYZxyzng.co.uk></color>
<bold>Subject: <color><param>0000,0000,8000</param>Re: INQUIRY INTO "THE FUTURE OF AVIATION" From: Richard Ploszek</bold></color>
Copies to: <color><param>0000,0000,8000</param>ResponseatXYZxyzng.co.uk</color>
Send reply to: <color><param>0000,0000,8000</param>brian.launderatXYZxyzst.ac.uk</color>
Date sent: <color><param>0000,0000,8000</param>Tue, 11 Mar 2003 15:35:16 -0000</color>
<bold><italic>Dear Mr Ploszek:
I'm replying in my role as regional director of the Tyndall
Centre for Climate Change Research. My concern is here
exclusively concerned with reducing the CO2 emission from
aircraft. While at present the proportion of CO2 associated
directly with aircraft movement is small, because air traffic is
growing and there is at least a vision for reducing CO2 from
automobiles, it is likely that releases from aircraft will become
a substantial contributor in the next decade if nothing is done.
* A major "driver" of the present pattern of evolution is that
there is no tax levied on aviation fuel. This is a problem that
MUST be tackled, desirably at a world level but at least within
a European framework.
* Moreover, if the Government introduces a carbon tax, that
should also be applied to aircraft movements. [Again
international agreements are required]
* The above development would provide a stimulus to the
development of fail-safe designs for hydrogen-fuelled aircraft.
* It seems to me that more should be done to develop modes
of aerial transport that consumed much less fuel per passenger
mile than existing schemes (whether or not one is adopting
hydrogen as a fuel). Perhaps there is scope for the return of the
airship ...or perhaps some hybrid, intermediate version
between an airship and a conventional aeroplane. Of course,
this would also greatly reduce the problem from the other
main pollutant source with aircraft: noise! No long runways
would be needed either.
* In connection with the above, with leisure transport,
especially high speed is not of great advantage since at
present, for European flights, actual flying time is less than
(often MUCH less than) one-fifth of the total journey time from
home to hotel. So a comfortable airship flight at just 400km/hr
might be very attractive, especially if the fuel savings were
properly factored into the ticket price.
* Although the photographs released of the NASA solar-
powered aircraft are both intriguing and impressive, it seems
likely that the commercial implementaion of such a scheme is
a long way off. Nevertheless, it's surely a goal to be pursued.
* Finally, more need to be done to ELIMINATE short internal
flights in this country by providing <underline>highspeed</underline></italic></bold> <bold><italic>rail links,
including direct links between airport terminals.
</italic></bold>> House of Commons Transport Select Committee
> Inquiry into "The Future of Aviation"
> The House of Commons Transport Select Committee has been
holding an inquiry
> into "The Future of Aviation" since November last year, the terms
> reference for which can be found at
> the Parliament website.
> The Committee has decided that it should deal with the problem
> noise and environmental pollution separately from the
mainstream of the
> inquiry and has asked The Academy to submit evidence on the
> In particular, the Committee would like to hear what Fellows
> future trends in aircraft design are and how these might impact
> of environmental damage. This is in particular reference to noise
> take-off and approach, and fuel consumption. It would be helpful if
> could indicate what you believe the key drivers are for
> whether these conflict with commercial goals. The Committee
would also be
> interested on your views on likely timescales for new
technologies to be
> introduced and to achieve significant market penetration. Local
> around airports is also a consideration and the Committee would
> interested to hear you views on this subject.
> I would be pleased to receive your comments by Friday 28th
March, or sooner
> if possible via e-mail to responsesatXYZxyzng.co.uk. Should you be
> respond, for whatever reason, I would like to thank you for
> Richard Ploszek
> Assistant Manager, Enginering Policy
<color><param>0100,0100,0100</param>------- End of forwarded message -------
Professor B. E. Launder, FRS, FREng
UMIST, PO Box 88,
Manchester M60 1QD, UK
Fax : 0161-200-3723