Saturday, March 17, 2012


date: Thu Nov 11 11:00:42 2004
from: Phil Jones <>
subject: RE: Easterling et al 97 Science paper on max and min temperature
to: "H J Fowler" <>

Sounds more interesting now ! Do keep me informed as it will be very useful
background for the Pune workshop and also for IPCC. I'm the co-ordinating
lead author for the Atmospheric Observations chapter for AR4 - the
next report due in 2007. We need to have papers out or in press by
the end of 2005 for inclusion.
For Pune, it would be useful to know the sources of the data but the paper
should be sufficient for this.
China has reasonably good data and it may be worth looking at the
trends there. There are odd things going on there (some similar to yours)
that can be explained by local pollution. A number of cities there have
downward trends in sunshine and in cloudiness and this causes odd
changes in max and min trends.
I suspect that a lot of what is seen in Easterling et al around the world
is real, it is just that DTR is a highly sensitive measure and it has a
lot more variability than we are fully aware of from 30-50 yr records.
At 10:23 11/11/2004, you wrote:

Cheers Phil
Just realised that I said entirely the wrong thing in my last e-mail -
the exciting thing that our research using observed data back 100 years
in the Karakoram (Upper Indus) region Pakistan shows is an *increase* in
DTR throughout the year, and particularly in the summer season. This is
similar to trends in northern India - but I have not found evidence of
an increase anywhere else - and the observations are certainly contrary
to projections of GCMs for the region (projecting decreases in DTR, as
has been observed elsewhere on the globe).
We are trying to find an explanation for this. In summer months both max
and min temps are falling, but min more than max - hence increasing DTR.
Decreasing max may be explained by increased cloudiness (increasing
trend in summer precip in last 40 years) but cannot also explain large
decrease in min temps? In winter, we are seeing a more regular pattern
with warming in max (large) but different changes in min dependent on
location - generally mean temps show significant increases in winter
It's all very interesting and - since in this region change in summer
temperature and winter precip are significantly linked to summer runoff
- could have implications for water management in the region.
We hope to resubmit to J. Climate soon so I will forward a copy of the
paper to you before we submit - would welcome any useful comments!
Dr. Hayley Fowler
Senior Research Associate
Water Resource Systems Research Laboratory
School of Civil Engineering and Geosciences
Cassie Building
University of Newcastle
Newcastle upon Tyne
Tel: +44 (0)191 222 7113
Fax: +44 (0)191 222 6669
-----Original Message-----
From: Phil Jones [[2]]
Sent: 11 November 2004 10:11
To: H J Fowler
Subject: Re: Easterling et al 97 Science paper on max and min
temperature trends
Amazingly I've just managed to go on to the AAAS system and they
issues back
this far and it didn't want any money. I think this might be as I have
subscription. I
tried this several months ago and couldn't, so maybe they've relaxed
their rules.
Most places show decreases in DTR, but this isn't that strong in
western Europe.
There is also a paper by Frich et al. in 2002 in Climate Research -
should be
able to get this from the journal's web page. CR is free.
I'll be going to a workshop on extremes for S and SW Asia in Pune
Feb 05,
so anything you find or will find will be useful. Workshop should
people from
the countries in the region with data to learn about homogeneity and
People from Mongolia to Sri Lanka and Pakistan to China should come.
includes most of the 'stans' in what was the USSR and Afghanistan (if
anyone from
there comes).
An earlier workshop was help in Turkey in October for countries
between Iran and
Turkey (Middle East not Africa but including the Ukraine and southern
Russia, but
omitting Israel). There should be a paper being prepared on this. I'm
trying to get
a copy of this for my Saudi student.
A workshop is on this week in Guatemala for central America and one
was held
in South America. Malcolm Haylock from CRU has gone to both of these
he can
get by in Spanish. His write up of the S. American one can be got from
the link below.
The aim of the workshops is similar, so a paper should appear from
each and
get reported on in the next IPCC Report.
In case you are interested, the 1st draft of the Sth American rainfall
paper is available at:
Some interesting findings...
At 17:30 10/11/2004, you wrote:
>Do you have pdf version of the Easterling et al 97 Science paper (you
>were a co-author) on Maximum and minimum temperature trends for the
>globe. Any other papers you know of on max/min trends - esp. diurnal
>range and esp. showing reductions in diurnal range rather than
>increases! - would also be gratefully received! Doing some work on
>temperature change in the karakoram over the past 100 years and it is
>showing some surprising results.
>Dr. Hayley Fowler
>Senior Research Associate
>Water Resource Systems Research Laboratory
>School of Civil Engineering and Geosciences
>Cassie Building
>University of Newcastle
>Newcastle upon Tyne
>NE1 7RU
>Tel: +44 (0)191 222 7113
>Fax: +44 (0)191 222 6669 [4]
Prof. Phil Jones
Climatic Research Unit Telephone +44 (0) 1603 592090
School of Environmental Sciences Fax +44 (0) 1603 507784
University of East Anglia
Norwich Email

Prof. Phil Jones
Climatic Research Unit Telephone +44 (0) 1603 592090
School of Environmental Sciences Fax +44 (0) 1603 507784
University of East Anglia
Norwich Email

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