Sunday, June 10, 2012

5034.txt

date: Thu, 12 Nov 2009 13:02:44 -0600
from: "Gilbert Compo" <compoatXYZxyzesmail.colorado.edu>
subject: Re: Twentieth Century Reanalysis preliminary version 2 data
to: Phil Jones <p.jonesatXYZxyz.ac.uk>

On Thu, 12 Nov 2009 08:12:04 +0000, Phil Jones wrote
> Gil,
> Sounds good re reliability.
>
> On the USHCN adjustments it is important to
> distinguish the TOB (Time of Observation Bias)
> adjustments from the homogeneity adjustments. TOB
> causes most of the differences, but TOB is unique
> to the US. Elsewhere there has never been this
> switch from afternoon to morning reading of Tx
> and Tn. The rest of the world has always done things in the morning.

Good point.
>
> In the BAMS paper I sent there is a figure on the effect of TOB.

thanks! I haven't had a chance to look at that yet.

Oh, the picture I sent has an error in the models. The wrong east-west
domain was used for the CMIP3 models. I am generating a correction. This
will effect dtrended results in particular.

Ah, research.

best wishes,
gil
>
> Cheers
> Phil
>
> At 19:08 11/11/2009, you wrote:
>
> >Phil,
> >
> >I'm on vacation today. I'll get back to you with more thoughts. Thanks for
> >these ideas. One thing that I was thinking is that the Menne et al (Menne
> >and Vose?) USHCN adjustments altered the sign of the US trend in Tmax and
> >Tmin in some regions. I have no idea what that does to individual year
large
> >area averages.
> >
> >In the QJ paper my goal is going to be to put some statements about how
> >reliable we think that the various variables are and during which periods.
> >
> >thanks,
> >gil
> >
> >On Wed, 11 Nov 2009 09:20:21 +0000, Phil Jones wrote
> > > Gil,
> > > A few thoughts. I looked at the uncertainty
> > > of the ensemble filter for some dates in the
> > > 1920s and 1930s, and also the 1910s. The less
> > > certain blue areas seem like the Arctic High
> > > problem from one of my papers long long ago. The
> > > region affected in blue (larger in winter and
> > > less in summer) is the Canadian archipelago, the
> > > north of Greenland and the Beaufort Sea.
> > > There doesn't appear to be any observational
> > > dots in this region. One way of checking the
> > > temperatures reproduced here would be to look at
> > > this paper by Vinther et al (2006) - also attached.
> > > http://www.cru.uea.ac.uk/cru/data/greenland/
> > > If you go here you can download the long
> > > temperature series for 3 sites. The most northern
> > > one is Illulisat - previously known as
> > > Jakobshavn. I've also attached Upernivik which
> > > is 72N on West Greenland. Probably worth
> > > comparing 20CRv2 with these two series.
> > > These NW Greenland series are the longest
> > > series I'm aware of in this data sparse region.
> > > It seems as if any MSLP data these W Greenland sites recorded hasn't
> > > gone in?
> > >
> > > Another thought is to block out this area
> > > when calculating large scale averages. You are
> > > sort of doing this by only going to 70N in your zonal bands.
> > >
> > > As for getting temperature series
> > > pre-homogenization/pre-adjustment this isn't
> > > going to make any difference. The number of
> > > series adjusted is fairly small and adjustment
> > > depends on a reasonable network as well. The
> > > skeptics are after us to do this, but it is going
> > > to be a lot of work for no reward, as it makes no
> > > difference to large-scale averages! Look at
> > > Figure 6 and the inset numbers, which show the
> > > effect of homogeneity adjustments for the
> > > contiguous US - see Menne et al attached. There
> > > is a similar plot in Brohan et al (2006) for the
> > > rest of the world - including Canadian
> > > adjustments. We're using Lucie Vincent's adjusted
> > > series for the whole of Canada.
> > >
> > > I agree that the 1955-65 should be as good as the 1990s.
> > >
> > > Cheers
> > > Phil
> > >
> > > At 20:46 10/11/2009, you wrote:
> > > >Phil Jones wrote on 11/10/09 5:35 AM:
> > > >>
> > > >> Gil,
> > > >> These will do for my purpose. I won't pass
> > > >> them on. I am looking forward to the draft
> > > >> paper. As you're fully aware you're going to
> > > >> have to go some ways to figuring out what's causing the differences.
> > > >> You will have to go down the sub-sampling,
> > > >> but I don't think it is going to make much
> > > >> difference. The agreement between CRU and GISS
> > > >> is amazing good, as already know. You ought to
> > > >> include the NCDC dataset as well.
> > > >>
> > > >>http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/oa/climate/research/anomalies/index.html
> > > >>the ERSST3b dataset.
> > > >We will put the NOAA ERSST3b in, too. I left it off the plot for
> >simplicity.
> > > >>
> > > >> In the lower two plots there appear to be
> > > >> two types of differences, clearer in the NH20-70 land domain.
> > > >> The first is when reanl20v2 differs for a
> > > >> single year (like a year in the last 1960s,
> > > >> 1967 or 1968) and then when it differs for
> > > >> about 10 years or so. It is good that it keeps
> > > >> coming back. For individual years there are a
> > > >> couple of years in the first decade of the 20th century (the 1900s).
> > > >Is there a way to get back to the original
> > > >series (pre-homogenization and adjustments) that
> > > >are used in the gridbox averages?
> > > >>
> > > >> The longer periods are those you've noticed
> > > >> - the 1920s and the 1890s. There is also
> > > >> something up with the period 1955-65 and the
> > > >> 1970s. The 1920s seems to get back then go off
> > > >> again from about 1935 to early 1940s. Best
> > > >> thing to try and isolate some of the reasons
> > > >> would be maps for decades or individual years.
> > > >> For the 1920s I'd expect the differences to be
> > > >> coming from Siberia as opposed to Canada. I
> > > >> think the 1890s might be just down to sparser
> > > >> coverage. The 1890s is the only period where
> > > >> the difference brings your pink line back
> > > >> towards the long-term zero. All the others
> > > >> have the pink line more extreme than the HadCRUT3/GISS average.
> > > >I think that the 1955-65 is going to turn out to
> > > >be very reliable. There is no a priori reason
> > > >why 1990-2000 should be "better" than that
> > > >period. In the 1970's the ships turn out to have
> > > >larger error than we specified, although that
> > > >should not affect the land temperatures very much.
> > > >
> > > >
> > > >
> > > >>
> > > >> Rob Allan just called. I briefly mentioned
> > > >> this to him. He suggested maps of data input
> > > >> during these times. He also suggested looking
> > > >> at the spread of the ensembles. Your grey
> > > >> spread is sort of this, but this is a
> > > >> different sort of ensemble to what Rob implied you might have?
> > > >The maps of the data input aren't that helpful
> > > >because the dynamics distributes the
> > > >information. What is helpful is the reanalysis ensemble spread.
> > > >This is not the same as the grey shading. The
> > > >ensemble filter produces its own estimate of
> > > >uncertainty for every variable at every time. We
> > > >have 56 equally-like maps for every variable for
> > > >every time. For SLP and 500 mb height, see the coloring in the maps at
> > >
> >
><http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/psd/data/20thC_Rean/hem_images.html>http://www.esr
> >l.noaa.gov/psd/data/20thC_Rean/hem_images.html
> > > >blue is less certain, white is more certain.
> > > >
> > > >The grey shading is the 90% range of the 25
> > > >CMIP3 model integrations I am using (only 25
> > > >runs can be cleanly extended including volcanic, solar, and aerosol
> >forcing).
> > > >
> > > >I need to calculate the reanalysis uncertainty
> > > >for annual and area averages. For that, I need
> > > >to recover the every-member files, which I am
> > > >now offloading from the mass store - this will
> > > >take a Long Time. I can use the individual
> > > >6-hourly uncertainty fields, but it isn't
> > > >exactly the same because of correlations in the
> > > >uncertainty co-variance matrix.
> > > >
> > > >I hoping for a draft sooner. Keep your fingers crossed!
> > > >
> > > >best wishes,
> > > >gil
> > > >
> > > >
> > > >
> > > >
> > > >>
> > > >> One final thing - don't worry too much about
> > > >> the 1940-60 period, as I think we'll be
> > > >> changing the SSTs there for 1945-60 and with
> > > >> more digitized data for 1940-45. There is also
> > > >> a tendency for the last 10 years (1996-2005)
> > > >> to drift slightly low - all 3 lines. This may be down to SST issues.
> > > >>
> > > >> Once again thanks for these! Hoping you'll
> > > >> send me a Christmas Present of the draft!
> > > >>
> > > >> Cheers
> > > >> Phil
> > > >>
> > > >>
> > > >>At 20:45 09/11/2009, you wrote:
> > > >>>Phil,
> > > >>>
> > > >>>1. I didn't get the attached.
> > > >>>Both version1 and version2 use HadISST1.1 for SST and sea ice.
> > > >>>
> > > >>>2. time-varying CO2, volcanic aerosols, and
> > > >>>solar variability (11-year cycle until 1949,
> > > >>>"observed" after that) are specified.
> > > >>>
> > > >>>Attached is a research figure. Please do not share.
> > > >>>
> > > >>>In it, I have plotted the annual average (top
> > > >>>panel) 50S to 70N global average 2m
> > > >>>temperature from 20CRv2, SST/2m temperature
> > > >>>from HadCRU3, SST/2m temperature from GISTEMP
> > > >>>1200km, and the 90% range of 2m air
> > > >>>temperature from 25 CMIP3 models that can be
> > > >>>extended beyond their 20C3M runs with SRESA1B.
> > > >>>The ensemble mean is the thick gray curve. Averages are July-June.
> > > >>>
> > > >>>(middle panel) 50S to 70N land-only 2m
> > > >>>temperature from 20CRv2, 2m temperature from
> > > >>>CRUTEM3, 2m temperature from GISTEMP land-only 1200km. CMIP3 data is
> >the same.
> > > >>>
> > > >>>(bottom panel) same as middle panel but for
> > > >>>Northern Hemisphere land-only (20N to 70N).
> > > >>>
> > > >>>Anomalies are with respect to 1901-2000.
> > > >>>period is July 1891 to June 2005. The CRU
> > > >>>(HadCRU) curves are supposed to be black.
> > > >>>
> > > >>>No data has been masked by another dataset's
> > > >>>observational availability, but missing values
> > > >>>are not included in that dataset's area-weighted average.
> > > >>>
> > > >>>Your ERA-Interim finding about it being warmer
> > > >>>seems to be the case in the late 19th century but not the early
1920's.
> > > >>>
> > > >>>Note that the only thermometer data in the
> > > >>>magenta curve (20CRv2) is the HadISST1.1 over
> > > >>>oceans. The two landonly panels are
> > > >>>independent of thermometers, aside from the specified SSTs.
> > > >>>
> > > >>>There are some very interesting differences,
> > > >>>particulary late-19th century, 1920s, and WWII.
> > > >>>
> > > >>>Correlations (I told you this was research,
> > > >>>right?). The second pair is for linearly detrended data.
> > > >>>
> > > >>>GLOBE (70N-50S)
> > > >>>
> > > >>>reanl20v2.70n50s.landocean.juljun
> > > >>>hadcru3.70n50s.landocean.juljun 0.94370
> > > >>>
> > > >>>reanl20v2.70n50s.landocean.juljun
> > > >>>hadcru3.70n50s.landocean.juljun 0.82017
> > > >>>
> > > >>>
> > > >>>reanl20v2.70n50s.landocean.juljun
> > > >>>gistemp_combined1200.70n50s.landocean.juljun 0.95284
> > > >>>
> > > >>>reanl20v2.70n50s.landocean.juljun
> > > >>>gistemp_combined1200.70n50s.landocean.juljun 0.85808
> > > >>>
> > > >>>
> > > >>>hadcru3.70n50s.landocean.juljun
> > > >>>gistemp_combined1200.70n50s.landocean.juljun 0.99088
> > > >>>
> > > >>>hadcru3.70n50s.landocean.juljun
> > > >>>gistemp_combined1200.70n50s.landocean.juljun 0.97383
> > > >>>
> > > >>>GLOBAL LAND (70N-50S)
> > > >>>
> > > >>>reanl20v2.70n50s.landonly.juljun
> > > >>>cru3.70n50s.landonly.juljun 0.85167
> > > >>>
> > > >>>reanl20v2.70n50s.landonly.juljun
> > > >>>cru3.70n50s.landonly.juljun 0.68755
> > > >>>
> > > >>>
> > > >>>reanl20v2.70n50s.landonly.juljun
> > > >>>gistemp_land1200.70n50s.landonly.juljun 0.81469
> > > >>>
> > > >>>reanl20v2.70n50s.landonly.juljun
> > > >>>gistemp_land1200.70n50s.landonly.juljun 0.60152
> > > >>>
> > > >>>
> > > >>>cru3.70n50s.landonly.juljun
> > > >>>gistemp_land1200.70n50s.landonly.juljun 0.98050
> > > >>>
> > > >>>cru3.70n50s.landonly.juljun
> > > >>>gistemp_land1200.70n50s.landonly.juljun 0.95316
> > > >>>
> > > >>>NH Land (20N-70N)
> > > >>>
> > > >>>
> > > >>>reanl20v2.nh_nohigh.landonly.juljun
> > > >>>cru3.nh_nohigh.landonly.juljun 0.82956
> > > >>>
> > > >>>reanl20v2.nh_nohigh.landonly.juljun
> > > >>>cru3.nh_nohigh.landonly.juljun 0.67989
> > > >>>
> > > >>>reanl20v2.nh_nohigh.landonly.juljun
> > > >>>gistemp_land1200.nh_nohigh.landonly.juljun 0.79247
> > > >>>
> > > >>>reanl20v2.nh_nohigh.landonly.juljun
> > > >>>gistemp_land1200.nh_nohigh.landonly.juljun 0.59900
> > > >>>
> > > >>>cru3.nh_nohigh.landonly.juljun
> > > >>>gistemp_land1200.nh_nohigh.landonly.juljun 0.98001
> > > >>>
> > > >>>cru3.nh_nohigh.landonly.juljun
> > > >>>gistemp_land1200.nh_nohigh.landonly.juljun 0.95880
> > > >>>
> > > >>>I thought that correlations of 0.8 to 0.85
> > > >>>were high for an independent dataset this
> > > >>>long. I think that these are higher than the proxies?
> > > >>>The global isn't that fair because we have the HadISST.
> > > >>>
> > > >>>The correlations are about the same as for AMIP runs, though. See
> > > >>>Hoerling M., A. Kumar, J. Eischeid, B. Jha
> > > >>>(2008), What is causing the variability in
> > > >>>global mean land temperature?, Geophys. Res.
> > > >>>Lett., 35, L23712, doi:10.1029/2008GL035984.
> > > >>>
> > > >>>It will be interesting to see if the masked numbers change.
> > > >>>
> > > >>>Let me know if you need anything else on this for your essay
material.
> > > >>>
> > > >>>best wishes,
> > > >>>
> > > >>>gil
> > > >>>
> > > >>>
> > > >>>
> > > >>>
> > > >>>
> > > >>>Phil Jones wrote on 11/9/09 2:55 AM:
> > > >>>>
> > > >>>> Gil,
> > > >>>> A couple of questions.
> > > >>>>
> > > >>>> 1. See the attached. Is this paper providing the SST input to
20CRv2?
> > > >>>> 2. Do you change greenhouse gases in the run?
> > > >>>>
> > > >>>> Apologies if these are answered elsewhere.
> > > >>>>
> > > >>>> Do you have any pre-draft plots without
> > > >>>> subsampling to get some idea of how good the agreement?
> > > >>>>
> > > >>>> I'm asking these questions as I'm writing
> > > >>>> an essay for Climate Change. There are no
> > > >>>> diagrams in this, but showing the agreement
> > > >>>> with 20CRv2 will be a nice way to finish the paper.
> > > >>>>
> > > >>>> Paper briefly documents the magnitude of
> > > >>>> all the problems in global temperature data
> > > >>>> - such as SST biases, exposure issues,
> > > >>>> urbanization and site changes (in order of
> > > >>>> importance). Site changes for global
> > > >>>> averages are the least important. Trying to
> > > >>>> point to a few home truths to skeptics who
> > > >>>> keep on going on about the land data.
> > > >>>>
> > > >>>> Cheers
> > > >>>> Phil
> > > >>>>
> > > >>>>
> > > >>>>At 15:39 03/11/2009, Gil Compo wrote:
> > > >>>>>Phil,
> > > >>>>>
> > > >>>>>Already calculated. We don't suffer from
> > > >>>>>some of the issues that you and Adrian
> > > >>>>>raised because we use only surface pressure.
> > > >>>>>
> > > >>>>>In the Northern Hemisphere extratropics, the
> > > >>>>>agreement with the various (yours, GISTEMP,
> > > >>>>>NOAA) thermometer-based near surface T is
> > > >>>>>high, but in the Tropics and Southern
> > > >>>>>Hemisphere, there are discrepancies,
> > > >>>>>particularly over Africa and South
> > > >>>>>America. The 20CRv2 does not have the intensity of the Siberia
> >warming.
> > > >>>>>
> > > >>>>>There are also discrepancies in the WWII
> > > >>>>>period. I have not subset the reanalysis to
> > > >>>>>correspond to a particular dataset's missing
> > > >>>>>mask as all 3 have different coverages.
> > > >>>>>
> > > >>>>>I'll be making plots for the paper (with a draft coming) soon.
> > > >>>>>
> > > >>>>>best wishes,
> > > >>>>>
> > > >>>>>gil
> > > >>>>>
> > > >>>>><mailto:P.Jones@uea.ac.uk>P.Jones@uea.ac.uk wrote on 11/3/09 3:37
AM:
> > > >>>>>>
> > > >>>>>>
> > > >>>>>>
> > > >>>>>> Gil,
> > > >>>>>> I'm sitting in a meeting in Bristol with Rob Allan. We've
> > > >>>>>>had a
> > > >>>>>>thought. When you finish v2 will you be quickly calculating the
> >global
> > > >>>>>>T average for the 1891-2006 period? Do you expect this to look
like
> >the
> > > >>>>>>real global T, or do you expect it to not show the longer
timescale
> > > >>>>>>change that NCEP from 1948 showed?
> > > >>>>>>
> > > >>>>>> I can send a paper with Adrian Simmons from JGR in 2004 on
> > > >>>>>>this when
> > > >>>>>>I'm back in Norwich tomorrow.
> > > >>>>>>
> > > >>>>>> Cheers
> > > >>>>>> Phil
> > > >>>>>>
> > > >>>>>>
> > > >>>>>>
> > > >>>>>>
> > > >>>>>>>
> > > >>>>>>>
> > > >>>>>>>
> > > >>>>>>>Dear Colleagues,
> > > >>>>>>>
> > > >>>>>>>Courtesy of the NOAA Earth System Research Laboratory Physical
> >Sciences
> > > >>>>>>>Division and University of Colorado CIRES Climate Diagnostics
> >Center, at
> > > >>>>>>>
> > > >>>>>>>
> > > >>>>>>>ftp://ftp.cdc.noaa.gov/Datasets/20thC_Rean/provisionalV2/ ,
> > > >>>>>>>please find temporary netCDF files from the 20th Century
Reanalysis
> > > >>>>>>>version 2 (1891-2006). These yearly files are for the ensemble
mean
> > > >>>>>>>analysis (means) and ensemble standard deviation (spreads) of
> >selected
> > > >>>>>>>variables. Colleagues from organizations contributing to the
20th
> > > >>>>>>>Century Reanalysis version 2 or the International Surface
Pressure
> > > >>>>>>>Databank version2.2, the observational input dataset, are
welcome to
> > > >>>>>>>investigate these preliminary files. Colleagues on the
Atmospheric
> > > >>>>>>>Circulation Reconstructions over the Earth Working Group 3 �
> > > >>>>>>>Verification and Validation of reanalyses are also welcome to
begin
> > > >>>>>>>working with these files.
> > > >>>>>>>
> > > >>>>>>>We are working with our distribution partners at the National
> >Center for
> > > >>>>>>>Atmospheric Research, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric
> > > >>>>>>>Administration (NOAA) Earth System Research Laboratory and
NOAA�s
> > > >>>>>>>National Climatic Data Center on wider availability and
> >documentation.
> > > >>>>>>>A rough draft of important documentation is attached.
> > > >>>>>>>
> > > >>>>>>>Also, please see our new homepage at
> > > >>>>>>>
> > > >>>>>>>
> > > >>>>>>>http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/psd/data/20thC_Rean/ which includes
access
> > > >>>>>>>to
> > > >>>>>>>images of 6-hourly sea level pressure and 500 geopotential maps
> > > >>>>>>>generated from the version 2 data.
> > > >>>>>>>
> > > >>>>>>>When production is complete, the 20CR version 2 will span 1871
to
> > > >>>>>>>present.
> > > >>>>>>>
> > > >>>>>>>The references for the dataset are
> > > >>>>>>>� Compo, G.P., J.S. Whitaker, P.D. Sardeshmukh, N. Matsui, R.J.
> >Allan,
> > > >>>>>>>X. Yin,B.E. Gleason, R.S. Vose, G. Rutledge, P. Bessemoulin, S.
> > > >>>>>>>Br�nnimann, M. Brunet, R.I. Crouthamel, A.N. Grant, P.Y.
Groisman,
> >P.D.
> > > >>>>>>>Jones, M. Kruk, A.C. Kruger, G.J. Marshall, M. Maugeri, H.Y.
Mok, �.
> > > >>>>>>>Nordli, T.F. Ross, R.M. Trigo, X.L. Wang, S.D. Woodruff, S.J.
> >Worley,
> > > >>>>>>>2009: The Twentieth Century Reanalysis Project. Quarterly J.
Roy.
> >Met.
> > > >>>>>>>Soc., in preparation.
> > > >>>>>>>� Compo, G.P., J.S. Whitaker, P.D. Sardeshmukh, 2008: The 20th
> >Century
> > > >>>>>>>Reanalysis Project. Third WCRP International Conference on
> >Reanalysis,
> > > >>>>>>>28 January 2008, Tokyo, Japan
> > > >>>>>>>
> > > >>>>>>><
> > > >>>>>>>
> > >
>>>>>>>http://wcrp.ipsl.jussieu.fr/Workshops/Reanalysis2008/Documents/V5-
> >511_ea.pdf
> > > >>>>>>> >.
> > > >>>>>>>� Compo,G.P., J.S. Whitaker, and P.D. Sardeshmukh, 2006:
> >Feasibility of
> > > >>>>>>>a 100 year reanalysis using only surface pressure data. Bull.
Amer.
> >Met.
> > > >>>>>>>Soc., 87, 175-190.
> > > >>>>>>>� Whitaker, J.S., G.P.Compo, X. Wei, and T.M. Hamill 2004:
> >Reanalysis
> > > >>>>>>>without radiosondes using ensemble data assimilation. Mon. Wea.
> >Rev.,
> > > >>>>>>>132, 1190-1200.
> > > >>>>>>>Please let us know of any questions about the dataset. And,
thank
> >you
> > > >>>>>>>for your contributions to its development.
> > > >>>>>>>
> > > >>>>>>>Best wishes,
> > > >>>>>>>Gil Compo
> > > >>>>>>><mailto:compo@colorado.edu><compo@colorado.edu>
> > > >>>>>>>Jeffrey S. Whitaker
> > > >>>>>>><mailto:Jeffrey.S.Whitaker@noaa.gov>
> > > >>>>>>><Jeffrey.S.Whitaker@noaa.gov>
> > > >>>>>>>20th Century Reanalysis Project leads
> > > >>>>>>>
> > > >>>>>>>--
> > > >>>>>>>+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> > > >>>>>>>Gil Compo, Research Scientist, CIRES
> > > >>>>>>>University of Colorado
> > > >>>>>>>
> > > >>>>>>>Mail : CIRES Climate Diagnostics Center
> > > >>>>>>>NOAA Physical Sciences Division
> > > >>>>>>>Earth System Research Laboratory
> > > >>>>>>>325 Broadway R/PSD1, Boulder, CO 80305-3328
> > > >>>>>>>Email: <mailto:compo@colorado.edu>compo@colorado.edu
> > > >>>>>>>Phone: (303) 497-6115 Fax: (303) 497-6449
> > > >>>>>>>
> > > >>>>>>>
> > > >>>>>>>http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/psd/people/gilbert.p.compo
> > > >>>>>>>+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> > > >>>>>>>"Stop and consider the wondrous works of God."
> > > >>>>>>> Job 37:34
> > > >>>>>>>
> > > >>>>>>>
> > > >>>>>>>
> > > >>>>>>>
> > > >>>>>>>
> > > >>>>>>
> > > >>>>>>
> > > >>>>>>
> > > >>>>>>
> > > >>>>>>
> > > >>>>>>
> > > >>>>>
> > > >>>>>
> > > >>>>>
> > > >>>>>
> > > >>>>>
> > > >>>>>--
> > > >>>>>+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> > > >>>>>Gil Compo, Research Scientist, CIRES
> > > >>>>>University of Colorado
> > > >>>>>
> > > >>>>>Mail : CIRES Climate Diagnostics Center
> > > >>>>>NOAA Physical Sciences Division
> > > >>>>>Earth System Research Laboratory
> > > >>>>>325 Broadway R/PSD1, Boulder, CO 80305-3328
> > > >>>>>Email: <mailto:compo@colorado.edu>compo@colorado.edu
> > > >>>>>Phone: (303) 497-6115 Fax: (303) 497-6449
> > > >>>>>
> > > >>>>>
> > > >>>>>http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/psd/people/gilbert.p.compo
> > > >>>>>+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> > > >>>>>"Stop and consider the wondrous works of God."
> > > >>>>> Job 37:34
> > > >>>>>
> > > >>>>>
> > > >>>>
> > > >>>>Prof. Phil Jones
> > > >>>>Climatic Research Unit Telephone +44 (0) 1603 592090
> > > >>>>School of Environmental Sciences Fax +44 (0) 1603 507784
> > > >>>>University of East Anglia
> > > >>>>Norwich Email
> > > >>>><mailto:p.jones@uea.ac.uk>p.jones@uea.ac.uk
> > > >>>>NR4 7TJ
> > > >>>>UK
> > > >>>>-------------------------------------------------------------------
----
> >-----
> > > >>>>
> > > >>>
> > > >>>
> > > >>>
> > > >>>
> > > >>>--
> > > >>>+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> > > >>>Gil Compo, Research Scientist, CIRES
> > > >>>University of Colorado
> > > >>>
> > > >>>Mail : CIRES Climate Diagnostics Center
> > > >>>NOAA Physical Sciences Division
> > > >>>Earth System Research Laboratory
> > > >>>325 Broadway R/PSD1, Boulder, CO 80305-3328
> > > >>>Email: <mailto:compo@colorado.edu>compo@colorado.edu
> > > >>>Phone: (303) 497-6115 Fax: (303) 497-6449
> > > >>>
> > > >>>http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/psd/people/gilbert.p.compo
> > > >>>+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> > > >>>"Stop and consider the wondrous works of God."
> > > >>> Job 37:34
> > > >>>
> > > >>
> > > >>Prof. Phil Jones
> > > >>Climatic Research Unit Telephone +44 (0) 1603 592090
> > > >>School of Environmental Sciences Fax +44 (0) 1603 507784
> > > >>University of East Anglia
> > > >>Norwich Email
> > > >><mailto:p.jones@uea.ac.uk>p.jones@uea.ac.uk
> > > >>NR4 7TJ
> > > >>UK
> > > >>---------------------------------------------------------------------
----
> >---
> > > >>
> > > >
> > > >
> > > >
> > > >--
> > > >+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> > > >Gil Compo, Research Scientist, CIRES
> > > >University of Colorado
> > > >
> > > >Mail : CIRES Climate Diagnostics Center
> > > >NOAA Physical Sciences Division
> > > >Earth System Research Laboratory
> > > >325 Broadway R/PSD1, Boulder, CO 80305-3328
> > > >Email: <mailto:compo@colorado.edu>compo@colorado.edu
> > > >Phone: (303) 497-6115 Fax: (303) 497-6449
> > >
> >
><http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/psd/people/gilbert.p.compo>http://www.esrl.noaa.go
> >v/psd/people/gilbert.p.compo
> > > >+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> > > >"Stop and consider the wondrous works of God."
> > > > Job 37:34
> > >
> > > Prof. Phil Jones
> > > Climatic Research Unit Telephone +44 (0) 1603 592090
> > > School of Environmental Sciences Fax +44 (0) 1603 507784
> > > University of East Anglia
> > > Norwich Email p.jonesatXYZxyz.ac.uk
> > > NR4 7TJ
> > > UK
> > > -----------------------------------------------------------------------
----
> >-
> >
> >
> >++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> >Gil Compo, Research Scientist, CIRES
> >University of Colorado
> >
> >Mail :CIRES Climate Diagnostics Center
> >NOAA ESRL
> >325 Broadway R/PSD1, Boulder, CO 80305-3328
> >Email: compoatXYZxyzorado.edu
> >Phone: (303) 497-6115 Fax: (303) 497-6449
> >http://www.cdc.noaa.gov/people/gilbert.p.compo
> >++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> >"Do you know the balancings of the clouds,
> >the wondrous works of Him who is perfect
> >in knowledge?" Job 37:16
>
> Prof. Phil Jones
> Climatic Research Unit Telephone +44 (0) 1603 592090
> School of Environmental Sciences Fax +44 (0) 1603 507784
> University of East Anglia
> Norwich Email p.jonesatXYZxyz.ac.uk
> NR4 7TJ
> UK
> ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
-


++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
Gil Compo, Research Scientist, CIRES
University of Colorado

Mail :CIRES Climate Diagnostics Center
NOAA ESRL
325 Broadway R/PSD1, Boulder, CO 80305-3328
Email: compoatXYZxyzorado.edu
Phone: (303) 497-6115 Fax: (303) 497-6449
http://www.cdc.noaa.gov/people/gilbert.p.compo
++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
"Do you know the balancings of the clouds,
the wondrous works of Him who is perfect
in knowledge?" Job 37:16

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